Afro-American Studies

Online Reference Sources

Biographies, chronologies, sheet music, images, lyrics, liner note & discographies. Covers blues, jazz, spirituals, civil rights songs, slave songs, minstrelsy, rhythm & blues, gospel, etc.

Articles on African American history, literature, and culture from scholarly reference works.

A scholar-curated library of subject bibliographies in the humanities & social sciences; each entry offers a guided tour through key literature on a topic.

Encyclopedias

MLIN

Encyclopedias, almanacs, and specialized reference sources for multidisciplinary research.

Biographical Sources

Reliable scholarly biographies of major figures in American history.

1946 to present

Indexes articles, books, and autobiographies for people from antiquity to the present and from all fields and nationalities.

Lengthy literary biographies by recognized literary scholars and critics, covering past & present authors, historians, journalists, screenwriters, publishers, and playwrights.

Statistics & Data

Census, vital, church, court & immigration records for the US & UK, plus material on other areas. Major components: US federal census 1790-1930 (incl. manuscript returns); historical maps; Social Security Death Index; etc.

1531 - 2000

Covers population, work & welfare, the economy, and government. Data may be downloaded and custom tables created. Includes essays, data reliability and references to secondary literature.