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 > Narrators:
 Mohammad Alauddin dividing line
 Janet Benshoof
bullet  Sharon Camp
bullet  Willard Cates
bullet  Mecedes Concepcion
bullet  Peggy Curlin
bullet  Philip D. Darney
bullet  Henry P. David
bullet  Grace Ebun Delano
 Judith DeSarno
 Peter J. Donaldson
 Robin Chandler Duke
bullet  Joan Dunlop
 Richard Frank
bullet  Adrienne Germain
bullet  Duff Gillespie
bullet  Robert Gillespie
bullet  Mario Jaramillo
bullet  J. Timothy Johnson
bullet  Sandra Kabir
bullet  Frances Kissling
 Elizabeth Maguire
bullet  Lee Minto
 Leo Morris
 Margaret Neuse
bullet  Daniel E. Pellegrom
bullet  Phyllis Tilson Piotrow
 Malcolm Potts
bullet  Reimert Ravenholt
 Cory L. Richards
bullet  Everett M. Rogers
bullet  Allan Rosenfield
bullet  Jeannie Isabelle Rosoff
bullet  Nafis Sadik
bullet  Fred T. Sai
 Stirling Scruggs
bullet  Sara Seims
bullet  Patrick J. Sheeran
bullet  Steven W. Sinding
bullet  J. Joseph Speidel
bullet  Mechai Viravaidya

  Related Oral Histories
     (Joy G. Dryfoos)
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Narrators

Mohammad Alauddin, Ph.D. (b. 1940) is former associate professor of Dhaka University and retired country representative of Pathfinder International for Bangladesh. Trained in social work and population planning, Alauddin is widely credited with making the implementation of the Bangladesh national family planning program more effective by promoting an NGO model that incorporates operations research, demographic data and social change techniques. His work has been instrumental in the significant decrease in fertility as well as improvements in maternal and child health and the overall status of women in Bangladeshi society.

[This interview is closed. Contact the SSC for more information.]


Janet Benshoof, J.D. (b. 1947), founder and president emerita of the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, is a lecturer at Harvard Law School. She was head of the Reproductive Freedom Project at the American Civil Liberties Union. Benshoof sued the federal government over the implementation of the Mexico City Policy (also known as the Global Gag Rule).    For more information, see her Web site.

[The transcript for this interview is not available online. Contact the SSC to request a copy of the transcript.]


Sharon Camp, Ph.D. (b. 1943) is president and CEO of the Alan Guttmacher Institute. She was the head of Women's Capital Corporation-which commercialized Plan B emergency contraception in the United States-as well as the International Consortium on Emergency Contraception. From 1975 to 1993, she was senior vice president of Population Action International.
 
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Willard Cates, M.D., M.P.H. (b. 1942) is president and CEO of Family Health International (FHI), which he joined in 1996. Prior to FHI, for two decades he was at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, where he directed the STD/HIV prevention efforts and headed the CDC's abortion surveillance activities.
 
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Mercedes Concepcion, Ph.D. (b. 1928) is known as the "mother of Asian demography." Her work has been influential in the development of family planning in Asia and other parts of the world. The author of numerous publications, Dr. Concepcion serves on the board of commissioners of the Philippine Population Commission and is University Professor Emeritus, University of the Philippines. She has been a consultant to the World Health Organization, UNDP, UNFPA, UN Statistical Division, the East West Center at the University of Hawaii, and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.
 
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Mercedes Concepcion
Mercedes Concepcion, 2006

Peggy Curlin (1940-2005) was president of the Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA), a non-governmental agency that continues to provide leadership and management training to women involved in reproductive health throughout the world. Prior to joining CEDPA, in 1974 Ms. Curlin co-founded Concerned Women, a women's health and family planning organization in Bangladesh that began by distributing contraceptives to poor women in Dhaka.    For more information, see CEDPA Web site.
 
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Peggy Curlin
Peggy Curlin

 

Philip D. Darney, M.D., M.Sc., (b. 1943) is professor and chief of obstetrics and gynecology at San Francisco General Hospital, and director of the Bixby Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy at the University of California, San Francisco. He has done extensive work in contraceptive research, including clinical and acceptability trials of implant, injectable and oral contraceptives, contragestins and intrauterine devices.
 
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Henry P. David, Ph.D. (1923-2009) was founder and director (since 1972) of the Transnational Family Research Institute. A clinical psychologist, he has collaborated in path-breaking studies, including a case-control study over a thirty-year period of Czech children born to women twice denied abortions for the same pregnancy, as well as a Danish study of the psychological effects on women experiencing abortion. David was the founder of the Psychosocial Workshop at the Population Association of America. The Henry David Papers are at IPAS.
 
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Henry David
Henry David. Photograph by Sandy Kavalier

Grace Ebun Delano (b. 1935) is a nurse-midwife who has been involved in Nigerian reproductive health programs for many years. Mrs. Delano is the executive director of the Association for Reproductive and Family Health in Ibadan. A graduate of the Center for Development and Population Activities and protégé of Peggy Curlin (whose oral history is also included in the Project), Delano is the 1993 recipient of World Health Organization's Sasakawa Prize.
 
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Grace Ebun Delano
Grace Ebun Delano

 

Judith Martin DeSarno (b. 1944) is Director of Domestic Programs at the Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation where she is responsible for grant-making for family planning and reproductive health and rights. She served as President and CEO of the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association from1991 to 2006. Her previous positions include Chief of Staff to Congressman Michael Barnes and Vice President for Institutional Advancement at the University of Maryland.

[The transcript for this interview is not available online. Contact the SSC to request a copy of the transcript.]


Peter J. Donaldson, Ph.D. (b. 1944) is president of the Population Council. Formerly the head of the Population Reference Bureau and director of the Committee on Population of the National Research Council (1985-1989), he also worked with Family Health International and the Population Council in Korea and Thailand. Dr. Donaldson is the author of Nature Against Us (University of North Carolina Press, 1990).

[This interview is closed. Contact the SSC for more information.]


Robin Chandler Duke (b. 1923) is a long-standing advocate for population and reproductive health. She worked closely with General Bill Draper and the Population Crisis Committee, served as president of the National Abortion Rights Action League, was appointed ambassador to Norway by President Clinton, and is on the Council on Foreign Relations. Her papers are going to Duke University, where those of her late husband, Angiers Biddle Duke, are archived.

[The transcript for this interview is not available online. Contact the SSC to request a copy of the transcript.]


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Joan Dunlop (1934-2012) was president of the International Women's Health Coalition, which played a vital role in making women's sexual and reproductive health rights a central tenet of the 1994 UN Conference on Population and Development in Cairo and the Women's Conference in Beijing in 1995. She worked for some years with John D. Rockefeller III at the Rockefeller Family and Associates.
 
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Joan B. Dunlop
Joan B. Dunlop

Richard Frank, J.D. (b. 1936) has been the president and CEO of Population Services International (PSI) since 1988. PSI is a large non-profit organization that works in sixty countries in the areas of safe water/oral rehydration, malaria, nutrition/micronutrients, family planning and HIV/AIDS. Frank has also worked in private practice and government.  

[The transcript for this interview is not available online. Contact the SSC to request a copy of the transcript.]


Adrienne Germain, M.A. (b. 1947) is president of the International Women's Health Coalition, an organization devoted to promoting women's health and rights in developing countries. She was a U.S. government delegate to the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, as well as to the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. Germain also worked at the Ford Foundation and the Population Council.    For more biographical information, see International Women's Health Coalition Web site.
 
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Adrienne Germain
Adrienne Germain. Photograph by Robin Holland


Duff Gillespie, Ph.D.
(b. 1942) directed USAID's Office of Population from 1986 to 1993, and served as the administrator in the Global Health Bureau until 2002. He is a senior scholar and professor at the Bill and Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
 
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Robert Gillespie, M.P.H. (b. 1938) is president of Population Communication in Pasadena, California, and the author of "Statement on Population Stabilization," which has been signed by seventy-five world leaders. In the 1960s and 1970s, he did groundbreaking work in Taiwan, Iran, and Bangladesh. Gillespie has worked for the Pathfinder Fund, Population Crisis Committee, and Population Council, and is also a filmmaker, most recently, of No Vacancy (2004).
 
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Scene from <em>No Vacancy</em>(2004) with Robert Gillespie
Scene from No Vacancy (2004)
with Robert Gillespie

 

Mario Jaramillo, M.D. (b. 1932) is an obstetrician/gynecologist who was active in the beginning of the Columbian family planning program. An eloquent critic of USAID population and family planning policies, he has consulted for reproductive health programs throughout the world. In his oral history Jaramillo addresses the theme of the Catholic Church's opposition to contraception.
 
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J. Timothy Johnson, Dr.P.H. (b. 1939) is with the Division of Reproductive Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia. For the past three decades, he has worked in Asia, Eastern Europe, and Africa, as well as in the United States. Johnson's expertise lies in family planning evaluation and contraceptive logistics.
 
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Sandra Kabir (b. 1949), executive director of Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, is the founder and former director of the Bangladesh Women's Health Organization. She was active in the women's coalition at the 1994 Cairo conference, and worked for the International Council on the Management of Population Programmes. Kabir holds dual citizenship in Bangladesh and United Kingdom. She lives in London, where she is a Labour Party councillor for the Borough of Brent.
 
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Frances Kissling (b. 1943) is president of Catholics for Free Choice, an organization begun in 1973 to serve as a voice for Catholics throughout the world who believe that the Catholic tradition supports a woman's right to follow her conscience in matters of sexuality and reproductive health. Ms. Kissling has been called the philosopher of the pro-choice movement by Boston Globe columnist Ellen Goodman. Her papers are at the Sophia Smith Collection. For more information, see Catholics for A Free Choice Web site.
 
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Frances Kissling
Frances Kissling. Photograph by Rick Reinhard (property of CFFC)

Elizabeth Maguire (b. 1947) was the first woman director of USAID's Office of Population (1993-2001). She left USAID to became president and CEO of Ipas, an organization in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, that supports safe abortion throughout the world and distributes manual vacuum aspiration equipment.

[This interview is closed. Contact the SSC for more information.]

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Lee Minto (b. 1927) served as President of Planned Parenthood of Seattle-King County from 1967 to 1993. Under her leadership, the organization developed from a volunteer effort to a major health care provider in the region. Minto served on the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association Board for more than a decade and numerous national Planned Parenthood committees. She was involved in abortion service delivery and politics for many years.
 
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Lee Minto
Lee Minto

Leo Morris, Ph.D., M.P.H. (b. 1935), senior consultant in the Division of Reproductive Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), recently retired from CDC after 44 years. His focus has been on program evaluation and development of survey methodology for reproductive health surveys in developing countries. Dr. Morris has worked in 45 countries and is the author or co author of more than 115 scientific publications.

[The transcript for this interview is not available online. Contact the SSC to request a copy of the transcript.]


Margaret Neuse (b. 1947), director of USAID's Office of Population since 2001, has been responsible for implementing policy during the administration of George W. Bush. She has had a distinguished career as a foreign service officer, working in reproductive health in Africa and Asia. Neuse has also been an international health consultant, and worked as a Peace Corps volunteer in Central America.

[This interview is closed. Contact the SSC for more information.]


Daniel E. Pellegrom, M.Div. (b. 1944) has been president of Pathfinder International since 1985. Founded by Clarence Gamble, Pathfinder provides reproductive health services in nineteen countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and receives funds from the U.S., Swedish, and Dutch Governments, as well as from other donors. Pellegrom also directed Planned Parenthood affiliates in Maryland and Tennessee.
 
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Daniel Pellegrom
Daniel Pellegrom

Phyllis Tilson Piotrow, Ph.D. (b. 1933) has worked in the reproductive health field since the 1960s. A professor at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, she was also the founder and first director of the Center for Communication Programs at Johns Hopkins. Dr. Piotrow served as a legislative assistant to a U.S. senator and was the first executive director of the Population Crisis Committee, now Population Action International, in Washington, D.C. Her papers have been donated to Johns Hopkins University.   For more information, see Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Web site.
 
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Phyllis Tilson Piotrow
Phyllis T. Piotrow, 2002. Courtesy of Photoshare., Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Malcolm Potts, M.B., B.Chir, Ph.D., F.R.C.O.G. (b. 1935) served as medical director of the International Planned Parenthood Federation from 1968 to 1972, and as president of Family Health International from 1978 to 1990. His extensive publications cover contraception, international family planning, and the biology of human sexuality. Since 1992, he has been Bixby Professor of Population and Reproductive Health at the School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley.    For more information, see School of Public Health Web site.

[The transcript for this interview is not available online. Contact the SSC to request a copy of the transcript.]


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Reimert Ravenholt, M.D., M.P.H. (b. 1925) was the first director of USAID's Office of Population, from 1966 to 1980. He is widely credited with initiating family planning programs and distributing contraceptive supplies throughout the world. He also began the World Fertility Survey, reflecting his background in epidemiology. Ravenholt lives in Seattle, Washington, and has extensive papers as well as a website.
 
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Reimert Thorolf Ravenholt, M.D.
Reimert Thorolf Ravenholt, M.D., 1974

Cory L. Richards (1948-2013) was senior vice president and vice president for public policy at the Alan Guttmacher Institute, which he joined in 1975. He was involved in reproductive health policy research, advocacy, and coalition building for more than three decades. Early in his career, Richards worked as press assistant and legislative assistant in the U.S. House of Representatives.

[This interview is closed. Contact the SSC for more information.]

Cory L. Richards
Cory L. Richards.
Courtesy of The Guttmacher Institute

Everett M. Rogers, Ph.D. (1931-2004) was well known for his work on entertainment education, development, communication networks, and technology transfer. He formalized the diffusion of innovations theory (1962), explaining how new ideas are incorporated into a social system. Dr. Rogers applied these ideas to family planning and population communication in the late 1960s. In his oral history he discusses his experiences in Pakistan and India in particular, as well as his recollections of General Bill Draper.
 
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Everett M. Rogers
Everett M. Rogers, 2003. Photograph by Kim Jew Studio

Allan Rosenfield, M.D., F.A.C.O.G. (1933-2008) served as Dean of the Mailman School of Public Health for 22 years and was the founding director of the Center for Population and Family Health at Columbia University. He served on the boards of a number of international, national, state and local health-related organizations. Dr. Rosenfield has worked throughout the world, notably in Nigeria and Thailand, and has written extensively on domestic and international issues in the fields of population, women's reproductive health, human rights and health policy.
 
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Allan Rosenfield
Allan Rosenfield

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Jeannie I. Rosoff, J.D. (b. 1924) was president of the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) for more than twenty years. An attorney, she emigrated from France and worked in New York City as a labor organizer. Rosoff was hired in the late 1960s by Alan Guttmacher to set up AGI's Washington, D.C., office, which published the influential Washington Memo for thirty years.
 
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Nafis Sadik, M.D. (b. 1929) is former head of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (1987-2000) and the first woman to head a major voluntarily funded UN program. She was appointed secretary-general of the International Conference on Population and Development in 1994. Sadik worked for many years in Pakistan's family planning program.    For more information, see UNFPA Web site.
 
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Dr. Nafis Sadik
Dr. Nafis Sadik

Fred T. Sai, M.B., B.S., M.P.H. (b. 1924) has had a distinguished career in international health, nutrition, population, and family planning. He co-founded the Ghana Planned Parenthood Association and served as population director at the World Bank following the 1984 Mexico City conference. Dr. Sai was president of International Planned Parenthood Federation and chairman of the main committee of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo. The author of numerous publications, he is an outspoken advocate of the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and a critic of all gender-based inequities and harmful social, cultural, and legal practices that undermine women's social freedom.
 
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Fred T. Sai
Fred T. Sai, M.D

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Stirling Scruggs (b. 1943) retired from UNFPA in 2004 after twenty-three years of service, including as director of information and external relations, country director to China, Mongolia, and North Korea (1990-1993) and country director to Philippines and South Korea (1981-1986). Prior to his work at UNFPA, Scruggs was director of Planned Parenthood in Memphis, Tennessee, and a Peace Corps volunteer in Philippines.

[The transcript for this interview is not available online. Contact the SSC to request a copy of the transcript.]


Sara Seims, Ph.D. (b. 1948) has been director of the population program at the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation since 2003. She was president of the Alan Guttmacher Institute from 1999 to 2003. Seims has also worked as associate director of population sciences at the Rockefeller Foundation, and in Management Sciences for Health, USAID Office of Population in Washington, D.C., and Dakar, Senegal.
 
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Sara Seims
Sara Seims

Patrick J. Sheeran, D.P.A. (b. 1932) was the director of the Office of Adolescent Pregnancy Programs at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Population (OPA). A former Catholic priest, Sheeran worked in the OPA from 1977 to 2006. Prior to joining OPA, he was director of Planned Parenthood in San Mateo, California. His scholarly work has examined the beliefs of leaders of the pro-choice and pro-life movements.
 
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Patrick Sheeran
Patrick J. Sheeran

Steven W. Sinding, Ph.D. (b. 1943) retired as director general of the International Planned Parenthood Federation in 2006. Trained as a political scientist, he served as director of USAID's Office of Population (1983-1986), as well as senior population advisor at the World Bank, population director at the Rockefeller Foundation, and professor at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University.
 
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Steven Sinding
Steven W. Sinding

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J. Joseph Speidel, M.D., M.P.H. (b. 1937) worked in USAID's Office of Population from 1969 to 1983 and served as its second director, from 1979 to 1983. He was vice president and president of Population Action International from 1983 to 1995, and director of the Population Program at the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation until 2003. Speidel is on the faculty at the Bixby Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy at the University of California, San Francisco.    For more information, see Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy Web site.
 
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J. Joseph Speidel, M.D.
J. Joseph Speidel, M.D

Mechai Viravaidya (b. 1941) is the founder and executive director of the Population and Community Development Association (PDA) in Bangkok, Thailand. Known affectionately as Mr. Condom, Senator Mechai is widely credited for the sharp decrease in fertility in Thailand as well as the dramatic rise in safe sex, which has thwarted an AIDS/HIV epidemic. See his biography by Thomas D'Agnes, From Condoms to Cabbages.    For more information, see the Population and Community Development Association Web site.
 
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Mechai Viravaidya
Mechai Viravaidya

Related Oral Histories

Joy G. Dryfoos (1925-2012) was research director for Planned Parenthood Federation of America and later for Alan Guttmacher Institute when it became an independent research institute. Using census data, Dryfoos developed a formula that is still used today to estimate the number of women at risk of unwanted pregnancy. She later worked with the Carnegie Corporation on children and youth. Her papers are at the Sophia Smith Collection.

View transcript of interview with Joy Dryfoos conducted for the Carnegie Corporation Oral History, 1998 (part of Columbia University Oral History Research Office)

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 © 2006 Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, MA 01063 Page last updated on Monday, 27 January 2014